group 2 plaza steve mellard
chaac masks roberto llebig
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site plan/overview google earth
group 1 plaza structure 2 south steve mellard.
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chaac masks c.1932 sigvald linne
group 3 platform/plaza steve mellard
site plan inah
group 2 palace north view steve mellard
Xlapak (old stone wall) is a compact archaeological zone located along the Puuc Route south of Merida in the western Yucatan just off Highway 261. This site is one of a series of Maya ruins that can be found in the general area and with an architectural style named after the low arid hill country in which they are located. Others are Uxmal, Kabah, Sayil, and Labna. It is located between Sayil and Labna and has some impressive structures..
HOURS: 8 A.M.-5P.M.
ENTRANCE FEE: $3.50/65 Pesos
ON-SITE MUSEUM: No
ACCOMODATIONS: None on-site. Nearby towns of Santa Elana, Ticul, Muna, and Oxkutzcab offer hotels and hostels. Day trip from Merida
GPS: 20d 10' 26" N, 89d 36' 22" W
Xlapak displays a pure Puuc architectural style consistent with the Late Classic Period (600-900 A.D). There have been no stelae (carved stone slabs) recovered here to determine the names of its rulers or its relationship to the other nearby sites.
The site was rediscovered by those intrepid explorers John Lloyd Stevens and Fredrick Catherwood in the 1840’s. Exploration, excavation and restoration work have restored a few of the structures to their former glory.
There are 3 groups each with a main palace/temple. They are all oriented a few degrees east of north. As is typical with Puuc architecture the walls below the medial molding are plain. Above this are intricate geometric designs made from interlocking finished stone. The corners are surmounted by beautiful, stacked Chaac (Maya rain god) masks that feature an upward curved snout.
This style can be seen on the main reconstructed temple at Group 1, the whole group being set upon a raised platform. It is also called The Small Palace. This is a wonderfully restored one story temple with several entrances. The main façade, facing north, has three entrances. A large, mosaic of three stacked Chac masks appears over the central entryway. Each corner has stacked Chac masks that form free standing towers. Geometric motifs are evenly spaced in between and enclosed by bands of drum colonnetts. Very impressive!
The east side of the structure has a single entrance which leads into a vaulted chamber. The west side of the structure shows the remains of a corbel arched chamber and a partially restored side wall, similar to the east side.
The south side of the palace is a mirror image of the north side, though not as complete, and with just two stacked central Chac masks. A small terrace steps down onto the raised plaza containing some small ruined structures. At the far end of the plaza is a ruined structure here called structure 2 south.
A path leads west about 965 ft/294 meters to Group 2 which is constructed atop a raised platform about 71 feet/22 meters square. The main structure here, the Palace, is on the east side of the plaza, and has been partially restored. It is in the shape of a capital “L”. One can get a good idea of the construction technique used by the Puuc Maya. The core is a rubble mass with the decorative façade mosaics cemented/tenoned onto it.
The west side of the structure, partially restored, faces onto a plaza. It has two entrances and the remains of a third of which a partial corbeled arched chamber remains. A south side wing has been reduced to rubble. The north side is a solid block wall with no entrances. South and west structures ring the plaza but are mere heaps of rubble.
A pathway leads north to Group 3. A rather large platform contains the remains of several structures. A south facing set of steps leads onto the platform. The remains of a single structure on the west side of the plaza has an interesting passageway. The rest of the structures are in too degraded a state to report on. A small site, but worth the visit.
An interesting observation while studying Google Earth is that Labna, Xlapak, and Sayil are in a straight line running east 95.28 degrees a distance of 4.81 miles/7.75 kms. Extended further west 10.25 miles/16.5 kms from Sayil the line passes close by the small site of Xculoc. Deliberate or coincidence? You never know with the Maya.
group 3 main structure steve mellard.
group 2 palace west pedro montes campos
group 2 palace SE corner steve mellard
small palace group 1 rose vekony
small palace group 1 paval vorobiev.
small palace group 1 hjpd
possible alignment of three puuc sites google earth .
small palace north side steve mellard.
group 1 structure 2 south steve mellard
group 3 stairs to plaza steve mellard.
small palace east side steve mellard.
small palace west side steve mellard